Jean Baptiste Tourond was active in the civil affairs of his community from 1869 through to 1878 and was also an accomplished farmer. Along with Louis Riel, Jean Baptiste Tourond was one of the original members of the Provisional Government of Assiniboia in 1869. He was among those who stopped the Dominion Land Survey in the area that same year and the Survey did not resume again until Manitoba became a Province in 1870. In 1871, he helped establish the Societé Agricole du Comté de Provencher and became one of its directors. He was also appointed to the Board of the Provincial Agricultural Association. Baptiste Tourond served as the Commissaire d’Ecole for St. Norbert in 1871 and as the Justice of the Peace for Provencher until 1876 when he was named its Deputy Sherriff.
The Aurora Borealis occur around the northern magnetic pole. The colours of the Aurora Borealis are created when charged electrons in solar winds collide with atoms of oxygen and nitrogen in the earth’s upper atmosphere. The colours that erupt depend upon the altitude of the collision and the types of atoms involved.
In the colloquial language of the French-Canadian voyageurs, the term “Hivernant” was used to denote those who had wintered in the interior fur country. It recognizes both the settlers of the area and their language.
Named for the Sisters of Charity, founded in Montreal in 1737 and affectionately known as the Grey Nuns. The first group of Grey Nuns traveled from Montreal to St. Boniface by canoe, arriving on June 21, 1844. Members of the order of the Sisters of Charity were devoted to bringing education and medical services to the inhabitants of the Red River Settlement. Over time they established a significant collection of public service institutions including an orphanage, a day school, a residential school and an infirmary in 1871, which would later become the beginnings of the St. Boniface General Hospital.
Also known as Echinacea, this purple, daisy-like perennial has been popular for use in borders and as a medicinal herb for hundreds of years. In its present-day incarnation as an herbal remedy, it is regarded as an immune-booster to help ward off flues and colds.
Diamond dust is a ground-level cloud composed of tiny ice crystals in the form of needles, columns or plates. This meteorological phenomenon is also referred to simply as ice crystals. Diamond dust generally forms under otherwise clear or nearly clear skies.
Dr. Friesen’s pioneering home-building activities have changed the face of Winnipeg. He founded Qualico in the early 1950s; under his leadership and vision the company grew to be one of the largest real estate development companies in western Canada, with operations in Winnipeg, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Austin, Texas. It continues to be a proud participant in the ongoing development and renewal of these cities.
Dr. Friesen has also contributed to the quality of life in Winnipeg through his volunteer and philanthropic activities. The Friesen family foundation has provided support to a wide range of educational and charitable organizations.
Dragonflies are fast flying predatory insects. They have long bodies and transparent but sometimes colourful wings. They are beneficial in Manitoba because they eat countless mosquitoes which allows the outdoors to be more enjoyable.
East Plains Trail was used in the 1840s and was shorter than the West Plain Trail. It became the route of the large cart trains originating from Pembina. The East Plains Trail followed the older routes of the West Plains Trail from Pembina to Breckenridge, Minnesota, then struck east by a variety of routes out of the Red River Valley across the upper valleys of the Pomme de Terre and Chippewa Rivers, to Saint Cloud and Sauk Rapids on the Upper Mississippi. Over most of its route, the East Plains Trail went through a post-glacial landscape of lakes, moraines and drumlins, with beautiful scenery and difficult swamps.
Born in Transcona, Edward Turner married Margeurite Garnier and lived most of his life in St. Boniface. He served two terms as a St. Boniface City Councillor and was its last Mayor, prior to the Unicity amalgamation in 1971. During his term, he helped found the Festival du Voyageur. He also worked in insurance and served as President of the Canadian Insurance Claims Managers Association, as well as the President of the Norwood-St. Boniface Legion and Grand Knight of the Norwood Knights of Columbus.
Fireweed is a tall beautiful pink wildflower that grows from sea level and even on mountains. Fireweeds thrive in open meadows and along streams. The name fireweed comes from its ability to colonize areas burned by fire rapidly. It was one of the first plants to appear after the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980.
Sister Fisette was a Grey Nun who travelled from Montreal to become a member of the St. Boniface Convent in 1850. The new convent had been established by Mother Valade in 1844 to teach children and care for the sick, and those who needed help. Sister Fisette lived and served in the Saint Boniface Mission at Red River for 64 years.
A tribute to various heron species found across Canada. Grey herons have an extensive geographic range throughout Europe, Asia and parts of Africa. They are related to the great blue heron which are slightly larger in size and are found throughout Manitoba. Herons hunt in shallow water by standing still or by slowly stalking their prey until they are close enough to catch them with their bill.
Archibald Stansfeld Belaney, alias Grey Owl, writer, conservationist (born 18 September 1888 in Hastings, England; died 13 April 1938 in Prince Albert, SK). Grey Owl was a well-known conservationist and writer in the 1930s. Although born in England, he portrayed himself as the son of a Scottish man and Apache woman. His articles and books stressed wilderness conservation and became bestsellers in Canada and Britain. Shortly after Grey Owl died in 1938, a newspaper article exposed his real identity as Archibald Belaney. He has been the focus of several biographies, articles and films, and his books have been reprinted many times. Grey Owl achieved fame throughout Canada and beyond. He is credited with raising awareness of the negative impact human activity can have on nature.
The Great Gray Owl was adopted by Manitoba is its official bird emblem in 1987. This rare species is seen more frequently in parts of our province than elsewhere in Canada.
Hazelnut is a native shrub with small nuts that can be roasted and eaten. It prefers dry to medium, well-drained soil, where it spreads by its roots, forming dense clumps with a beautiful golden fall colour. Native hazels grow along streams, in hedgerows, meadows, woodlands, roadsides and forest edges.